Connected Speech




Examples (transcribe them)


elision This occurs when a sound which would be present in a word if spoken in isolation is omitted in rapid connected speech.

next please



linking / r /


In most British accents ‘r’ is not usually pronounced at the end of a word if it is followed by a consonant sound eg: for me. However, if the following word starts with a vowel sound, it is usually pronounced.

 never again





Intrusive       /w/

(liaison)       /j/


These three sounds appear in rapid speech between words that finish and start with vowel sounds. They facilitate the pronunciation of the two words together.

blue eyes


I agree

saw it

juncture This refers to the subtle differences that allow expert speakers to distinguish the borders between words in rapid speech even though there is no pause. Mice pies/ my spies


assimilation This occurs when a phoneme changes due to the influence of the sound next to it.

Would you?

catenation Catenation is one of the ways speakers join words together. In catenation, a consonant sound at the end of one word joins with a vowel sound at the beginning of the next word Take it or leave it
Alternative terms (see Field, 2008:144)

English has a common SW stress pattern. An unstressed word (typically a function word) that is incapable of standing on its own and attaches in pronunciation to a stressed word, with which it forms a single accentual unit:

Liz became a star -> Lizbi /keima /star

Get excited


Took his hat off



resyllabification A syllable final consonant attaches itself to the next syllable. (cf Juncture and catenation above)

made out / may doubt


place no bets / play snow bets


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